By Alberto Corona*
Managua (PL) The failure of a coup attempt in Nicaragua makes it possible to clear up, based on documents and denunciations, who financed, incited and served as pawns in the wave of violence that caused at least the death of 198 people in little more than three months.
From April 18 until the end of July, the country was plunged into an unprecedented crisis in recent decades, with a high rate of cruelty and terror by the coup leaders, who acted under a well-structured program, planned by U.S. government agencies.
The leak evidence and documents, to which Prensa Latina had access, reflect how these organizations fueled certain groups of ‘civil society’ to undermine the foundations of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) government under an apparent popular uprising.
A report of the operations plan for fiscal year 2013 on the Community Action for Reading and Security (CARS) program, funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), draws up its main objectives.
It is obvious how working with Nicaraguan youth, between 18 and 35 years old, is considered a key element for Washington’s interests, so they allocate thousands of dollars forfirstly turning them into agents of ‘change’ through training programs.
This program, with the participation of the University of Washington, the American University, the University of the Autonomous Regions of the Nicaraguan Caribbean Coast and the Institute for the Development of Democracy, focused on the fact that the new generations, in the medium and long term, would foster a society more in keeping with the interests of the White House.
The report states that ‘this program will be implemented at the national level and is part of the long-term goals of the U.S. government in Nicaragua, in order to support civil society and train new political leaders who lay the foundations for a sustainable democratic government.’
On the other hand, the CARS project is focused on the creation of public-private partnerships to evaluate the potential of participation and investment of the private sector in community actions and increase its impact on society, displacing the intervention of the State.
Likewise, in another program also financed and monitored by USAID, scheduled for the period between October 1, 2015 and February 30, 2017, Washington is focused again on the young people.
In this case, the general elections of 2016 are considered a key moment for working with this age group and non-traditional groups, in order to once again encourage a ‘change’ in Nicaraguan society, contrary to the aspirations of the FSLN and aligned with the U.S. expansionist interests.
Even that work expands beyond the electoral cycle and towards groups of non-traditional youth, marginalized populations, disabled people, ethnic minorities and women, among other sectors, with a view to laying the foundations of the change desired by the United States, which is just returning to the neoliberal policies of previous governments.
In turn, in a note dated June 15, 2015, signed by assistant undersecretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs, Roberta S. Jacobson, and addressed to the former secretary of the State Department, John Kerry, it is obvious that Nicaragua issue, under the leadership of the FSLN, it is relevant to Washington’s interests.
This document studies the social, political and economic situation of the Central American country and describes the Sandinista government as an ‘authoritarian regime,’ while at the same time seeks to identify gaps and weaknesses in society.
However, Jacobson recognizes that unification is difficult for traditional opposition parties and, therefore, she predicts that they will continue to fail in their message to connect with the majorities of the Nicaraguan people.
Hence, one of the specific aims proposed is to depoliticize Nicaragua, its armed and police forces and generate more spaces for groups of civil society related to the U.S. interests. Although this entire strategy is nothing new in U.S. foreign policy, particularly applied to those governments and countries not aligned with its plans, the consolidation of the FSLN in Nicaragua was a great obstacle to be overcome.
It was all about waiting for the right moment to unleash a whole mechanism of lies and manipulations in unison, including social networks and national and international media, under the guise of an alleged social explosion carried out by ‘university students,’ those who had already been trained, prepared and financed for the desired occasion.
Hence, both the USAID and the National Foundation for Democracy (NED) advised and financed what during the coup attempt was called the April 19 Movement, the Civic Alliance for Justice and Democracy, and the Institute of Strategic Studies and Public Policies (LEEPP).
All of them with a common goal: to overthrow President Daniel Ortega and delegitimize the impact and trajectory of the FSLN as a factor of real change in Nicaraguan society, a strategy that involved the active participation of several media outlets inside and outside of the country.
Thus, USAID and the NED have been the most active promoters to counteract and eliminate a socialist-oriented government in Central America, through the typical agenda of destabilization implemented in other countries, but with new elements, such as the use of false patriotism to try to raise the masses.
That is why it is not surprising that much of the symbolism of the FSLN was used by the coup leaders, in an attempt to legitimize their violent and criminal actions.
Meanwhile, the reports, diplomatic notes and documents collecting the USAID and the NED’s strategies and their millionaire sums of money to achieve their aims in Nicaragua are coming to public light, making it obvious that it was really a coup d’etat, currently unsuccessful but that the Nicaraguan people could never forget.
* Prensa Latina News Agency’s Chief Correspondent in Nicaragua.