Havana, Mar 8 (Prensa Latina) The Cuban social process that started in 1959 includes, among its priorities, maintaining public policies in favor of inclusion and development of the potentialities of women, who are broadly represented in today”s society. Since the beginning of the revolutionary project, some measures have been adopted to eliminate problems such as prostitution and gender discrimination, and to boost family planning, among other issues.
An important step was the adoption of a Family Code, establishing absolute legal equality of women and men in marriage.
At the same time, the Family Code defines equal duties and rights by married couples with their children and development at home.
The government also implemented actions to recognize equal rights in the economic, political, cultural, social and family aspects included in the Constitution.
According to statistics published by Granma newspaper, on the occasion of Women’s International Day, there are 5,620,719 women in Cuba and until 2013, life expectancy for Cuban women was 80.4 years.
Women in Cuba represents 48.8 percent of lawmakersds in the People’s Power National Assembly (Parliament), 41.9 percent of the members of Council of State and 66.6 percent of the presidents of People’s Power Provincial Assemblies.
According to statistics from the latest Population and Housing Census released by the newspaper until 2012, about 44.2 percent of women were heads of household.
In the social-productive sphere, there are 1,838,600, 31,200 of whom are members of cooperatives and 175,500 are self-employed workers. About 1,631,900 women work in the state sector.